If you are participating in or planning to watch a sporting event during the cold weather, you should come prepared to stay warm and safe. Being unprepared in extremely cold weather will expose you to the risk of frostbite, frost nip, or hypothermia.

Before the day of the game, you can already get an idea of just how cold it will be by watching the local weather forecast on TV or checking the weather online. To be prepared in advance, you can know what the weather will be like at least one week in advance.

The best way to stay warm in all types of cold weather is by layering your clothes. For athletes, this may vary depending on the sport as each has different uniform specifications. However, most apparel that you wear to protect you from the cold weather is meant to be worn under the uniform such as long sleeve undershirts, leggings, gloves, socks, and caps.

Long sleeved undershirts may have a fleece lining that is designed to insulate the warmth. It’s made of a material that is thicker than regular undershirts and can be worn under sports jerseys. Leggings will keep your muscles warm; they are fitted and provide compression so that they can be worn under the uniform as well.

It is highly advisable for baseball players to wear gloves that were specifically designed for batting. They’re very durable and utilize technology that keeps your hands warm in cool weather while still allowing breath-ability in the heat. They’re soft but still offer superior grip.

Some athletes choose to wear an extra pair of socks. Wool socks work best at insulating the heat. However, it’s ideal that you pack an extra pair in case you soak them wet with sweat. Remember that you may still sweat despite the cold weather.

Did you know that most of your body’s heat escapes through your head? For this reason, wearing a cap is advisable for cold weather games. Wear one that covers your ears as your ears are extremely sensitive to cold weather. Some people have even complained about earaches due to cold air or cold wind exposure.

Beyond what you wear, what you eat and drink also has an effect on helping your body retain heat. To avoid hypothermia, stay well hydrated. Drink plenty of water before, during, and after the game. Warm drinks are particularly good for keeping you warm in cold weather. And food with high energy content will provide your body with the fuel it needs. By consuming enough calories, your energy levels will be maintained.